Lassa Fever is a type of Viral Haermorrhagic Fever (VHF), caused by the Lassa Fever Virus.
Transmission occurs for the duration of the year however the ailment is usually more common in the course of the dry season i.E. November thru May. This is as a result of weather factors. It is each preventable and curable if detected early.
How Do I Contact Lassa Fever?
It is usually transmitted to human beings via the common domestic rat, who acts because the host, but individual to person transfer also occurs.
A person can contact the Fever via:
1. Contact with secretions of infected residence rats like; urine, feces, saliva, or blood, therefore the want to usually hold proper environmental sanitation to save you entry of rats into our homes. Helpful Practices are:
Block all holes on your walls to prevent rats from entry and living. Cover your dustbins and dispose of refuse properly. Store edible nutrition that rats love to go to, like rice, garri, beans, corn/maize, etc. In packing containers with tight covers so that rats can’t get into them. Also, avoid drying foodstuff out of doors on the floor. Eliminate rats by setting rat traps.
2. Contacts with the body fluid of an infected character including blood, urine, feces, vomitus, etc. consequently, we ought to always practice good non-public hygiene by way of common washing hands with cleaning soap under jogging water/or use of hand sanitizers.
How do I Know If I Have Lassa fever?
A person with a fever usually has signs and symptoms like that of malaria. You might revel in fever, sore throat (like a scratch to your throat), headache, preferred body weakness, diarrhea (loose stool), muscle pains, cough, nausea (feeling like vomiting), vomiting, chest pain, and in extreme cases, unexplainable bleeding from ears, eyes, nose, mouth and other body openings.
The time between infection and appearance of symptoms of the sickness is 3 to 21 days. Early treatment and diagnosis increase the chances of survival.
Is There A Vaccine For Lassa Fever?
No, currently there is no Vaccine for the Fever.
What’s the Treatment For Lassa Fever?
The handiest available remedy for the Fever is using Ribavirin. Lassa fever Treatment is very luxurious but with the help of the NCDC and the Ministry of Health, in the provision of Ribavirin, treatment of cases is progressing.
The presence of rodents in our surroundings makes it impossible to eliminate #Lassafever in #Nigeria with the tools we’ve got now.
What Do I Do If I Suspect Lassa Fever?
You have to immediately go to the nearest health center or fitness center in case you observe any of the above signs. It is very critical that you avoid self-medication.
According to the Nigerian Center for Disease Control (NCDC), Any febrile contamination that has not spoken back to 48 hours use of anti-malaria or antibiotics must increase an index of suspicion for Lassa fever!
Please in case your healthcare worker suspects Lassa fever, advocate him or her to contact your local government ailment surveillance and notification officer to get entry to care in Nigeria.
NCDC Toll-Free Number: 0800-970000-10
Note: Lassa fever can be prevented & treated
Good sanitation & personal hygiene can reduce the threat of the spread
Reporting early to a sanatorium increases chances of survival
Any fever may be Lassa fever