What is Meningitis

Meningitis is a scientific circumstance that arises due to inflammation of the protective masking of the brain (referred to as the meninges). The meninges protects the brain (merely the way new merchandise is wrapped in nylon to guard them). If it becomes inflamed, it swells (inflammation). This swelling of the overlaying is what is referred to as Meningitis.

This disorder is much extra common in children among the age of 1-5 (at the time when the brain remains growing), especially in the Northern Nigerian region (Meningitis Belt- 25 States + FCT).

Meningitis is preventable and very treatable, but if left untreated, it can result in a variety of negative results, which includes damage to the brain.

The organisms that cause Meningitis may be prevented through the right VaccinationVaccination of kids following the NPI schedule. Mothers ought to usually make sure to vaccinate their children as a way to protect them from those vaccine-preventable diseases.

Causes

Bacterial Meningitis: This swelling of the brain overlaying in our surroundings is mostly resulting from bacteria, particularly in children. The most common bacterial causes are organisms known as;

  1. Neisseria Meningitides,
  2. Haemophilus Influenza,
  3. Streptococcus pneumonia.

Viral Meningitis: That is the most common cause of these in temperate countries (Europe, America, etc.). It is much less intense than only as a result of bacterial. Most times, it doesn’t require any remedy. It might solve by using itself.

Meningitis: Causes, symptoms, prevention, Treatment

Meninges: The protective covering of the brain. Image Credits:  Medscape

Tuberculous Meningitis: It is common in those with HIV & TB. It may be deadly if not treated properly.

Risk Factors for Meningitis (Things that may make you’ve got it).

Region: It’s far greater commonplace in persons residing across the meningitis belt of Nigeria (25 states + FCT).
Immunosuppression: This manner inadequate immunity, which lets in those organisms to thrive. This is generally visible in malnourished children and those born to HIV-inflamed moms who aren’t constant with their medication.
Anatomic defect: Children born with one or other abnormalities (e.g., hole inside the heart) are more susceptible to developing Meningitis.

Symptoms of (How to know) Meningitis

The signs of the ailment are common and can be flawed with that of other common sicknesses like Malaria, hence an RDT for Malaria must be performed at the medical institution to rule out Malaria.

The signs and symptoms include;

  • Fever
  • headache
  • neck pain
  • Neck stiffness
  • Rashes
  • back pain
  • Convulsions/seizures: This can usually be taking place and includes the complete body, now not only a hand or a leg.
  • Projectile vomiting, anorexia
  • Locked Jaw: Older toddlers with this disease may also be strolling around with a locked jaw for up to two days, amongst other signs and symptoms.
  • Neck Stiffness
Meningitis Rash

Meningitis Rash

Diagnosis

To affirm that what is incorrect with a person is Meningitis, the man or woman must be taken to the health center wherein a procedure called a Lumbar puncture might be achieved (at the folks lower back). Some watery liquid is referred to as CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) might be collected and then despatched for a test.

What do I do (treatment of Meningitis)

It is very treatable by medical personnel. Any man or woman who’s suspected of having Meningitis should be taken to the health center. The individual could be properly taken care of, given tablets inclusive of steroids and Antibiotics.
Please, do not try to treat at home, to prevent headaches of poorly treated Meningitis.
You can comment below to tell you the nearest suitable hospital to your location.

Complications

Untreated or poorly dealt Meningitis, specifically in an infant, can lead to several poor results such as;

  • Deafness
  • Blindness (cortical),
  • Hydrocephalus: swelling/growth inside the size of the head.
  • Cerebral Palsy (CP): a weak spot of the limbs.
  • Epilepsy: convulsions frequently occurring during life.
  • Speech and language impairment

Prevention

Routine Immunization: Mothers must continually make sure to take their children for Vaccination. Vaccines are safe and might guard your toddler from numerous diseases that could kill them or leave them disabled (e.g., polio).
Prophylactic pills in the case of Neisseria Meningitides, given inside 48hrs of diagnosis, for all patients in admission, household/college mates, and all health staff.
Remember: Meningitis is preventable and Treatable. Let us spread consciousness today.

About the author

Ozochima

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